Things to Do in Bulgaria Sofia Varna Kardzhali 2019
Bulgaria is one of the few exotic countries in Europe for its exquisite beaches, winter sports and great hiking opportunities. Now, let's get to know some of Bulgaria's historical and tourist attractions.
PLACES TO VISIT BULGARIA
SOFIA / ALEXANDER NEVSKI CATHEDRAL
Alexander Nevski Cathedral is the Bulgarian orthodox cathedral, 52 meters high, in the most central part of Sofia. Construction started in 1882 and officially opened in 1912. It was built in memory of the Russian soldiers who died in the 1877-78 Ottoman Russian War. The cross at the top and top of the bell tower is completely covered with gold. It is said to be heard at a distance of 30 km. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral occupies an area of 3170 square meters and has a total capacity of 10 thousand people. It is the second largest cathedral in the Balkans. The cathedral is one of the symbols of Sofia.
SOFIA / COMMUNIST PARTY BUILDING
It was built during the period when Bulgaria was under the influence of communism. The building was built under the influence of Soviet culture. While it was used as the administrative center during the period of communism, today some of it is used by the parliament. Corridor lengths are said to be 3 kilometers. It has marked a period and has now become the center of attention for architecture lovers.
SOFIA / ST GEORGE ROTUNDA CHURCH
Built in the 4th century, the church is known as the oldest protected building in Sofia. With its small structure among modern buildings, the building is immediately noticed and is no longer the same as the original building because it has been destroyed many times. The frescoes, depicting 22 prophets drawn on the walls, are worth seeing with their simple but elegant architecture. The church was also used as a mosque during the Ottoman period.
Things to Do in Bulgaria
- List of Attractions in Bulgaria
- Museums in Bulgaria
- Historical sites in Bulgaria
- Tourist attractions in Bulgaria
- Where to eat in Bulgaria
- Bulgaria hotel recommendations
- Bulgaria travel guide map
Information about Bulgaria
- Its capital is Sofia.
- It has a rich history.
- It has a wonderful nature.
- Europe's 16th. is the largest country.
- It is a member of the European Union.
- It has a population of 7.120.000 million.
- The Bulgarian language is used.
- The currency is the Bulgarian Plate.
- Christian religious belief is predominantly seen in the country.
The spiritual structure, also called Rila St. Ivan Monastery, is the most magnificent and most famous Eastern Orthodox monastery in Bulgaria. The monastery, located in the southwestern Rila Mountains region, was built between 876 and 946 at an elevation of 1,147 meters above sea level within the so-called 'Rila Monastery Nature Park'. The rectangular sanctuary covers an area of 8800 square meters and consists of a tower and a main church. Rila Monastery, which is considered one of the most tourists not only in Bulgaria but also in all of Southern Europe, attracts about 1 million tourists annually. The monastery, which was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983, is one of the historical and touristic places of Bulgaria.
Alexander Nevski Cathedral
Located within the borders of Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, Alexander Nevski Cathedral is the most unique example of Neo-Byzantine architecture in the country. Designed by Aleksander Pomerantsev, the cathedral serves as a Bulgarian Orthodox church. The sanctuary which was started to be built in 1882 was completed in 1912 after 30 years and is still active. Covering an area of 3170 square meters, the church is one of the most immense spiritual structures in the Balkans. This cathedral is a must-see during your Bulgaria holiday.
This sacred building, also known as the Church of St Nicholas, is a Russian Orthodox church on Tsar Osvoboditel Boulevard in the center of the capital Sofia. The Russian Church was built on the site of the Palace Mosque by the Russians who put an end to Ottoman rule in Bulgaria. The construction of the Russian Church began in 1907 and was consecrated in 1914. It was designed by Russian architect Mikhail Preobrazhenski with the Russian Revival architectural style. Glamorous with its 5 gold-plated domes, the colorful tile exterior decoration of the church was created by G. Kislichev. Don't forget to include the Russian Church in your Bulgaria travel guide, which leaves deep traces in the history of the country.
Church of St. George
It is a red brick structure reflecting the style of Early Christianity in the ruins of the ancient city of Serdica in the back of the Sheraton Hotel in one of the most central locations of the capital Sofia. 4. century, the church built by the Romans, Sofia Emperors Galerius and Constantine the Great was the residence. It was also used as a mosque during the reign of the Ottoman Empire in the region. The Church of St. George, which is in demand as one of the buildings that best reflect the history and rich culture of the country, should be considered as a must for your trip to Bulgaria.
Church of St. Sofia
6. Built in the 16th century, it is the oldest church in Bulgaria after St. George's Church. The Church of St. Sofia, which was created during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian, was built during the same period as the Hagia Sophia Church in Istanbul. 12 and 14. century, this spiritual structure, metropolitan church status has been obtained. One of the places to visit in Bulgaria, the Church of Saint Sofia gave its capital (Sofia) to the capital, later known as the Sredets. 16. 12th century in the period of Ottoman rule of the church. century freks were destroyed and minaret was added to the mosque.
16. The Ottoman mosque in the 19th century, when the Ottoman Empire dominated by the order of the greatest architect of the period, the architect Sinan designed the magnificent mosque in Sofia, was created in 1528. This is the reason why the black rocks used in the construction of the magnificent Ottoman mosque minaret, known as Koca Mehmet Pasha Mosque and Imaret Mosque, respectively. The old Ottoman mosque was converted into a church in 1903 after several years of restoration. For the Black Mosque, which is known as one of the most popular shrines in the Balkans, Ivan Vazov, one of the most famous poets and writers of the Bulgarians, described an 'architectural miracle that his secret could not be solved in time'. On your trip to Bulgaria, do not leave the city without seeing the famous Ottoman architecture that currently serves as a church (Sveti Sedmochislenitsi Church).
Banyabaşı Mosque, the Ottoman architectural wonder in the capital Sofia, was designed by Mimar Sinan. Banyabaşı Mosque, which was created in 1566, is one of the most historical mosques in Europe. The dome and high minaret of the mosque, which will set your heart on your holiday in Bulgaria, is located on Maria Luiza Street, one of the most central points of Sofia. You should definitely see the mosque built for the deceased wife of Kadi Seyfullah, one of the Ottoman Kadis.
National Museum of History
The National History Museum, known as the largest museum in Bulgaria, was founded in 1973. The first building of the museum was opened in 1984 to commemorate 1300 years of Bulgarian history. The museum, which was moved to its new location in 2000, has around 650 thousand objects of history, ethnography, archeology and fine arts. However, only 65,000 of them, ie 10 percent, are on display. There is also a library and a souvenir shop. The National History Museum, which mirrors the region's deep-rooted history, should be among the places to visit in Bulgaria.
National Gallery of Art
Around 50,000 works of art are on display at the art museum on Battenberg Square in the capital Sofia. The art gallery was established in 1934 and moved to its current location in 1946. The works of the Bulgarian National Revival artists, the works of foreign artists and the works of the first generation Bulgarian painters that emerged after the liberation of Bulgaria in 1978 are presented here. If you want to get to know the art works of Bulgarian artists, take the time for this place during your holiday in Bulgaria.
It is a historic medieval castle in Vidin town on the banks of the Danube in northwestern Bulgaria. 10. The building, which was started to be constructed in the 16th century, was used as the most important defense fortress of the region. Between 1365 and 1369, the castle was under Hungarian control and in 1388 it was under Ottoman control. 18. The castle, which was used as a weapon store and prison since the end of the 18th century, was opened to tourism after the restoration works carried out in the last century. The fortress, which is currently an important location between Bulgaria's historical and touristic sites, must be explored.
PLOVDIV – FLIBE / FRIDAY MOSQUE
Cuma Mosque or Hüdavendigâr Mosque is located at the beginning of Rayko Daskalov Street near the Roman Stadium. The mosque is the largest mosque in the Balkans. The mosque, which was built by Murat Hüdavendigâr in 1425, was rebuilt by Abdulhamid I after it was destroyed in the earthquake.
PLOVDIV / ROMAN STADIUM
This stadium between Taksim Tepe and Sahat Tepe, right next to Cuma Mosque, was built for the Olympics during the Roman period. MS. Built by Trajan in 117, the theater has a capacity of 7,000 spectators. Today, only a part of it has reached today.
PLEVNE / NICOPOL CASTLE
Nikopol Castle is the perfect place to enjoy a view of the Danube. The castle is in ruins. Only the entrance gate and a few walls of the castle have survived.
Pleven / ST. GEORGE HONORARY CHAPEL TOMB
St George is a cemetery and church. It was built in memory of Russian and Romanian soldiers who died in the Siege of Pleven in 1877. The remains of most of these soldiers are preserved inside the tomb. There is a fire burning in front of the church in memory of those who died in battle, and this fire burns for 365 days without extinguishing.